What Do You Mean America had National and State Fiber Optic Plans in 1993? We Were Punked.

Don’t Take Our Word for It.

  • Wireless has been a bait and switch for high-speed fiber lines for three decades. Early on the companies began laying the groundwork for the notion that wireless is an adequate substitute for landline fiber base services.
  • This is the beginning of the Digital Divide. This failure to deliver on those commitments is now called the Digital Divide. Wireless networks deliver coverage that is spotty and are in many places non-existent. Internet users also have to pay more for wireless broadband. Wireline networks were built out in urban and suburban towns and cities, but their coverage was based on redlining determined by income.
  • No More Government Subsidies. These companies should not get a single dollar of future county, state or federal government subsidies. They do not want to build fiber to the home or office. They are working hard to sell government and the public on an all- wireless future.

Let’s Keep Going

AT&T: Ameritech: Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and Wisconsin.

Verizon’s Fiber Optic Failures

GTE, (which had copper-based state telecommunications public utilities spread all over America) merged with Bell Atlantic (who had merged with NYNEX) to become Verizon, and they did virtually do the same thing as AT&T — promise anything then deliver virtually nothing.

  • Verizon (Bell Atlantic) was to have 12 million homes.
  • NYNEX was to have 5 million homes in NYC and Boston.
  • GTE claimed that it would have 7 million homes.
  • Rhode Island, Verizon was to have 63000 VDT lines.

CenturyLink (Lumen)

CenturyLink had Merged with what was Originally US West

The Wireless Bait and Switch Started in 1995.


There are a series of lessons that must be learned from our history — and giving the companies that created the Digital Divide — on purpose — government subsidies and new financial perks, should be seen as a really bad idea.

  • Get rate deregulation in their states to increase subscriber revenue but then AT&T et al. didn’t deliver.
  • Push through the Telecom Act of 1996 to enter other lines of business, especially long distance,
  • Push through the mergers of Bell Atlantic-NYNEX and GTE to form Verizon, and SBC-Pacific Telesis, SNET, and Ameritech at this juncture, from 1997–1999.
  • They were able to use this round of fiber optic promises — or a ‘substitute’ for the fiber — i.e., make claims that wireless could replace their fiber plans — and then close everything once the deal or merger went through.



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Bruce Kushnick

Bruce Kushnick


New Networks Institute,Executive Director, & Founding Member, IRREGULATORS; Telecom analyst for 40 years, and I have been playing the piano for 65 years.